Venereal Diseases / Sexually transmitted diseases.
What is a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?
An STD is an Disease or illness that is spread through sexual contact.
How can sexually transmitted diseases be avoided?
- The less sexual partners a person has, the lower the risk of infection.
Most sexually transmitted diseases can be avoided to a large extent by practicing safe sex like using condoms
Most sexually transmitted diseases can be cured if they are diagnosed and treated in their early stages.
Prevention: Use condoms every time you have intercourse.
Most common Symptoms in men
* Pain burning during urination
* Discharge from penis and possible itchiness
* pain or tenderness in the testicles
Most common Symptoms in Women
* Bleeding after sexual contact or between menstrual cycle.
* Lower abdominal pain and burning during urination .
* Unusual Vaginal discharge ,Vaginal itching Dysuria (pain on urination Pain during sexual relations).
* Urethral discharge Dysuria Frequent urination.
Types of S.T.D (Sexual transmitted diseases.)
Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis, Genital herpes, Genital Warts, HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis, Crabs are the most Common S.T.D’s.
Gonorrhea you get it by having oral, anal or vaginal sex with someone who had gonorrhea, In women, the infection usually starts in the cervix or the throat. In men, it starts in the urethra (the tube in the penis through which urine is passed). is caused by a bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 2 – 5 days after the sexual intercourse with the infected partner, Some people do not have symptoms. Many women who are infected have no symptoms of the disease. Men, on the other hand, are more likely to show symptoms.
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases , It is a bacterial infection of your genital tract that spreads easily through sexual contact. You may not know you have Chlamydia because the signs and symptoms of pain and fluid discharge don’t show up right away. Many people experience no signs and symptoms.
Genital herpes is spread through skin to skin contact with an infected area, its strain of herpes simplex virus (HSV), which unusually during oral, anal or vaginal sex or through small breaks in your skin. Genital herpes include pain, itching and sores in your genital area. In rare cases, a herpes infection can be spread from mother to child during the birth, Genital herpes causes blisters or groups of small ulcers (open sores) on and around the genitals in both men and women. It cannot be cured, only controlled, becoming active every now and again when your immunity levels go down.
Prevention of Genital Herpes:-
* Always using a condom.
* Limit the number of sex partners.
* An infected person can pass the virus even when they have no visible infection, so using protection such as condoms is always important.
* Avoid sex altogether in case you or your partner have open sores or outbreak of herpes in and around your mouth, genital area or anywhere else.
Genital Wart occur on the vulva, vagina and cervix in women and on the penis in men, its a strain of HVP (Human Papilloma Virus). warts are usually soft, moist, minute pink or gray polyps (raised lesions) that enlarge, may become pedunculated, have rough surfaces, and may occur in clusters and it may cause you itching, burning, or discomfort.